- Volume No.:
- Claire Owen
- Independence Educational Publishers
- A clone is a group of cells or organisms which are genetically identical and have all been produced from the same original cell. (page 1)
- There are three main types of cloning – adult cell or reproductive cloning, embryo cloning and therapeutic or biomedical cloning. (page 1)
- 21st century medicine could be transformed by research into using human embryos as a source of tissue-repairing cells, often called 'therapeutic cloning'. This is different from 'reproductive cloning', where cloned embryos would be grown from a cell taken from one individual and then implanted in a womb where they would develop into near-replicas of their one parent. (pages 2-3)
- Scientists believe stem cells could prove to be the ultimate body repair kit, with no need for donated organs, man-made joints or drugs to keep failing body parts working. (pages 10-11)
- Scientists have created embryonic stem cells in mice without destroying embryos in the process, potentially removing the major controversy over work in this field. (page 14)
- On 5 July, 1996, British scientists Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell created the first clone of an adult mammal, Dolly the sheep. (pages 18-19)
Table of Contents
Chapter One: Human Cloning and Stem Cell Research
Cloning: new horizons in medicine, Human cloning – the ethical issues, A humanist discussion of embryo research, Stem cell research: new horizons in medicine, FAQs on stem cells, Your stem cell body repair kit, Stem cell milestones, An ethical solution to stem cell debate?, Activities.
Chapter Two: Animal Cloning
Man or mouse, Dolly, Hybrids and 'cybrids', Can we be sure no cloned animals are in food chain?, Animal-human hybrids: it makes sense to say no, Cloned meat and milk 'safe', Biologists want to drop the word 'cloning', Activities.